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Extremely fragile, premature babies have a digestive system too immature to absorb milk. Only solution to feed them: the parenteral route, intravenously. Explanations.
Why are premature babies fed on dietary pockets?
- Of a very low weightPremature babies, who can be born at just 600 grams, are extremely fragile babies with a digestive system too immature to absorb breast milk. They are also unable to suck and swallow. In the intensive care and neonatology departments, the medical teams who are at their bedside have only one solution to feed them: the parenteral route, intravenously.
- For it, doctors use food pouches, which can be stored between 24 and 48 hours, consisting of sugars, proteins, lipids, vitamins and mineral salts. These components are essential for the baby's survival and development and their dosage is closely monitored to avoid any deficiency or overdose, depending on the weight and health status of the baby. The sterility of these pockets is important because a premature child is very susceptible to infections.
How are these pockets made?
- In the university hospitalspharmacies have pediatric parenteral units. This is the case, for example, in the hospitals of Port-Royal, Robert-Debré and Trousseau hospitals. But not all hospitals work that way. Some call on private manufacturers. These private manufacturers of food pockets are subject to the same standards and hygiene controls as hospital pharmacies.