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Doctors also call it jaundice ... physiological, that is, normal. Linked to the immaturity of the baby, jaundice is very common in the days following birth. It must nevertheless be the object of great vigilance.
What is infant jaundice?
- Jaundice is a banal, physiological manifestation that appears on the second or third day of a newborn's life, increases in intensity until the fourth and fifth days, before gradually disappearing.
- While in the maternity ward, all babies are carefully monitored. It is at the time of the bath that a midwife will examine your toddler from every angle. She will observe her skin, of course, because this particular hue can be masked by the redness of your baby, it is then enough to gently press on the skin to drive out the blood and reveal the yellow coloring.
- She will mainly examine the whites of her eyes and her gums (They too can turn yellow). These are the two main criteria that provide information on the presence of jaundice in infants.
- The mechanisms of jaundice are simple and well known. All infants come to the world with a large number of red blood cells that have a limited life. "In an adult organism, explains Prof. Georges David, the regular destruction of these globules entails, by enzymatic action of the liver, a production of bilirubin, a yellow-brown pigment which will be eliminated by the bile, then by the stool. in the neonate, which is still immature, the liver sometimes can not degrade the total amount of bilirubin, and some of it is spilled into the blood, staining the baby's skin. "
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