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Babies are more exposed to pollution. In order not to compromise their good respiratory capital, and to avoid the risk of asthma, it is necessary to know the right precautions to take.
Baby: more exposed to pollution than an adult
- On foot or in his stroller, a baby is at the height of the exhaust pipes and therefore particularly exposed to toxic gases (carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons). It is estimated that it "swallows" 30% more pollution than an adult. But it is precisely at this time of his life that his respiratory system is in full development and very vulnerable. Exposure to pollutants may therefore compromise the quality of its respiratory capital.
- Know that at birth, a newborn baby has 25 to 50 million pulmonary alveoli, these cavities where the passage of oxygen in the blood takes place. Three years later, the baby's lungs count six to ten times more. This respiratory capital, which is formed up to about 8 years of the child, is without any possible renewal. Hence the importance of making him breathe good air.
Pollution: more important when the weather is nice
- It is when the sun darts its rays that the risks are the most important. This photochemical pollution results from the transformation of certain primary pollutants into secondary pollutants, the most harmful ones.
- This is the case of carbon monoxide and nitrogen dioxide from the combustion of petroleum products, certain industries and more particularly automobile engines. Under the effect of the sun, they transform into ozone: this gas is aggressive for the respiratory system and the eyes of the little ones. An increased phenomenon, alas, during the summer period when it is hot and the wind does not disperse the pollutants! Also beware of fog that concentrates the toxic in its droplets.
Pollution peaks, stay at home
- Since the air is really too polluted, not going out is a wise step. However, you can leave your stroller in the locker room for a baby carrier (a good distance from the exhaust) and favor the cooler hours. Choose your routes and leave the overcrowded arteries for small quiet streets, or, even better, green spaces. Trees have the advantage of absorbing carbon dioxide and renewing oxygen in the air.
- If you have a bigger child, try (but it's not easy) to channel his energy: the more he moves, the more he breathes and the more he swallows polluted air. At rest, a child inhales between 4 and 5 liters of air per minute. When he runs or climbs a hill by bike, he consumes between 25 and 70 liters of air per minute.
Attention to car pollution too
- A child in a car is more exposed than in his stroller. The amount of pollutants can be greater inside a car than outside. This is the case if you have a new vehicle (release of chemicals from the passenger compartment) or if you -circulate during heavy traffic. If you can not use a better time slot, make frequent stops and ventilate the living space. Of course, no question of smoking. Be aware that some high-end cars have antipollens filters, very useful for a small allergic.
Clean air is out of cities
- It is necessary to go out of cities to find fresh air.
- To provide a breath of fresh air for your toddler, the only way is to escape large cities and industrial areas. Go for a trip to the sea in an unpolluted area. Do you prefer the mountain in nature? Your baby will breathe perfectly. As long as you choose a medium altitude resort.
Tobacco: pollution too
- Tobacco is the main source of indoor pollution. Smoking, both active and passive, has been shown to be an aggravating factor in asthma and respiratory allergies. At present, it is the only chemical pollutant that has been proven responsible for the onset of asthma. When you smoke, you send all sorts of toxic substances, nitrogen oxides, tars, ammonia, harmful to your baby's lungs into the air.
Pollution: attention to asthma
- In case of significant pollution, the young are the first affected by respiratory problems. They cough, have difficulty breathing. Symptoms can be declared the same day, a few hours before the announcement of a pollution spike or in the following days. Also added are irritations of the eyes or the skin. In children with asthma, many studies have shown a clear correlation between the occurrence of seizures and peaks in air pollution.
New furniture: let them aerate
- New furniture can release harmful products. The opening of a cardboard containing a new piece of furniture, of agglomerated wood for example, leads to a release of chemical substances such as formaldehyde, of the Cov family (volatile organic compounds). A situation that can persist for several months. Formaldehyde has an inflammatory action, mainly in the nasal and bronchial mucosa. It can play an amplifying role in the occurrence of allergic rhinitis. Ideally, wait a month before installing your baby in new furniture (bed, chair ...). Let the furniture "aerate" before use. Also limit the use of deodorants, indoor perfumes, waxes or insecticides, paints, large purveyors of volatile organic compounds.
Air: it is 10 minutes per day minimum
- Many experts believe that babies are victims of a confined atmosphere. Double glazing, caulking, insulation at all costs make it more difficult to renew the air. This decrease in ventilation increases the degree of relative humidity inside the habitat, favoring the development of certain allergen source organisms such as dust mites and / or molds. So, every day, open your windows for at least ten minutes. A technique always effective because the concentration of pollutants is greater inside than outside.