Your baby 0-1 year

Food diversification from 9 to 12 months.


Which foods to introduce? What quantities? How to go about when the child refuses to eat pieces? Answer with the book "I raise my child" Laurence Pernoud.

Diversification refers to introducing other elements than milk. There is not one but many ways to diversify your child's diet. It is for you to adapt to his needs and tastes.

The beginning of the diversification took place between 4 and 6 months. Your baby has discovered fruit compotes and vegetable purées. Then, between 5 and 7 months, the meat, fish and eggs came into his diet.

From 9 months, your child will have new foods. Dairy first (yoghurt, cottage cheese, small Swiss, cheeses), then starchy foods such as pasta and rice. Finally, the raw fruits, cut into small pieces will accompany his meals.

During this period, your child also becomes more independent. He can hold his bottle, put it in his mouth, remove it (stay by his side so that he does not drink too fast). He eats with a spoon but likes to discover food with the fingers, crush them, put them in the mouth, remove them ... let him do it even if he makes a lot of dirt.

All of these changes can confuse your babyThis is why it is important that they are made gradually: thus the vegetables are first mixed, then crushed with a fork, then in pieces. Your child refuses the pieces? Continue for a while the mixed or crushed food. He refuses a new food? Do not insist, you will try again a little later. Introduce only one novelty at a time: for example the first day you give him meat, do not offer him green beans or cauliflower at the same time that he has not yet tasted. Give your child time to get used to all these novelties so that the meal is - for him and for you - a time of relaxation and pleasure.

What quantities to give?

Milk and dairy products: some indications of quantities

Age

Quantities per day (to be adapted according to the child's appetite)

4-6 months

800 to 900 ml of baby milk

6-8 months

500 to 800 ml of baby milk

8-10 months

400 to 500 ml of milk and milk

10-12 months

400 to 500 ml of baby milk and a dairy or cheese

12-24 months

400 to 500 ml of growth milk, milk and cheese

2-3 years

250 ml of growth milk and 2 to 3 dairy products or cheese (20 to 25 g)

Meat, fish, eggs: recommended amounts by age

Age

Recommended quantities

6-8 months

10 g (2 teaspoons) or ¼ hard-boiled egg

8-10 months

15 to 20 g (3 level teaspoons) or ½ egg

10-12 months

20 to 25 g (4 level teaspoons) or ½ egg

12-24 months

25 to 30 g (1 tablespoon and half a shave) or ½ boiled egg

2-3 years

30 to 40 g (2 level tablespoons) or 1 hard-boiled egg

A special case: how to feed my child in the case of a vegetarian practice?

Animal proteins are essential for the child's good psychomotor development. A regime that excludes them is therefore formally inadvisable in children, it is even dangerous.

However, you can replace the meat with eggs or fish and especially keep infant milk rich in iron and vitamin B12 and fatty acids (the famous omega 3 and 6). To vary, you can give milk substitute enriched with iron as a substitute for infant milk.

Tofu (curd soy juice) and soy juice contain phytoestrogens that are not recommended for young children: they are subject to limited consumption recommendations.

As for mycoproteins (fermented mushroom extract), they are not adapted to babies and do not meet the health conditions of foods for infancy.

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