Atopic dermatitis or eczema is an inflammatory disease of the skin that occurs mainly in infants or young children. Most often benign, it usually disappears around 4 years.
Atopic dermatitis, what is it?
- Atopy is the hereditary predisposition to develop an allergy. It can result in different manifestations: dermatitis, but also asthma or allergic rhinitis.
- Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is an inflammation of the skin that is manifested primarily by excessive dryness of the skin, raised red desquamating patches that may ooze.
- It is very painful because it causes itching.
- It may be the first manifestation of what allergists call allergic walking (progression of manifestations that may progress to complications such as asthma or food or respiratory allergies).
- This condition affects 20% of children under 3 and disappears in 70% of cases between 2 and 4 years.
What to do in case of atopic dermatitis?
- As the skin of babies does not have natural protection at birth. It is essential to limit the dryness of the skin and strengthen the protection by moisturizing your child's healthy skin using a specific cream twice a day and especially after bathing to prevent the appearance of skin problems.
- To reduce the risk of superinfection due to scratching, be sure to cut the nails of your baby.
- If he is really embarrassed, he may also receive antihistamine treatment.
- In case of superinfection of lesions, the doctor will prescribe antibiotic therapy.