Your child 3-5 years

Conquering space


During his first two years, he will multiply the psychomotor acquisitions by following two main axes from the head to the feet and the spine to the hands. The most significant progress remains the acquisition of walking ...

  • By becoming autonomous thanks to the walk, your child apprehends the space occupied by his body. Around the age of 3, he finds it difficult to situate himself in relation to the things around him and perceives the space he occupies only through his own dimensions. Below, above, beside, behind, before ... for him, these spatial indications are still abstract, but he begins to discern them better.
  • Repetition of actions, through play and physical activity sessions at school - for example when the teacher asks her to go "under the chair" or "behind" her classmates - helps her to gradually record the different movements.
  • The language, which also develops a lot at this age, allows him to name these different actions. The notion of time will succeed this notion of space in a few months, but there are already some beginnings: even if the time used is not precise, your toddler begins to differentiate the present from the past when spoken.

I'm getting lost, I know what to do!

  • From the age of 2-3 years, your child can accompany you without his stroller to do the shopping. It then takes a moment of inattention for him to escape or find you more. Failure to properly locate in space, he will not necessarily have the idea to retrace his steps.
  • To avoid this type of incident and prevent him from panic, give him some instructions: if he gets lost, he must stay in his place, you will come back for him. This often repeated word will reinforce his inner security.
  • You can also simulate this exercise in the house by hiding behind a door. "I'm no longer here, what are you doing?" Also teach him to say his name when asked. By anticipating this risk rather than crossing your fingers so that nothing happens, you will trust your child.

Stéphanie Letellier